XI KANT KONGRESS, XI Congresso Kantiano Internazionale

The Beautiful, The Sublime and Kantian Morality: Approaches for a Cosmopolitan Philosophy

Maria Lucia Paula Oliveira

Edificio: Facoltà di Agraria
Sala: sala Hume
Data: 26 maggio 2010 - 17:00
Ultima modifica: 13 aprile 2010

Abstract

If philosophy in its cosmopolitan sense is the “science of binding all knowledge for the ends of the essentials of human reason”, the philosopher then is the one that proceeds in using reason for himself. To exit the unenlightened minority, publicity supposes that we need freedom of expression for the free use of our reason, whereas publicity, in another sense, is the principal of political morality. The type that is able to make prudence compatible with morality. For Hannah Arendt, aesthetic judgment would be a model for political judgment. Even if in a strict sense such a thesis could not be accepted using this formulation, for since in the Kantian philosophy, aesthetic judgments and political judgments cannot be equated, the approximation made by Arendt brought into light the systemic connection that for Kant exists between aesthetic judgments and politics. We would like to explore two points from the aesthetic judgment theory that illustrate the connections between moral and legal philosophy and the judgments of the beautiful and the sublime, and their connections to morality, namely, the importance of the “sensus communis”.